This section presents the templates for performing a benchmarking analysis of resources relevant to policies and practices of language learning for social inclusion:

  • appraisal checklist;
  • coding frame;
  • summary.


Submission of resources to the INCLUDE Observatory and CLIL Inventory is restricted to the Network Members.

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1. Appraisal checklist

The objective of the quality appraisal checklist is to ensure a resource is appropriate and relevant.

The appraisal checklist consists of five assessment criteria to be applied to the resource one wishes to analyse by ticking each of the boxes that meets the relevant criteria. The number of ticked boxes should be added up and the total written in the ‘score’ box at the bottom of the table.

To submit a resource for the Observatory / CLIL Inventory Members should report information on the resource by completing three templates according to the instructions below.

Observatory Appraisal Checklist
CLIL Inventory Appraisal Checklist


2. Coding frame for content analysis

The Coding Frame template consists of two sections. In the first section details on the resource should be provided (name; type of material; source; brief summary of the content). In the second section of the template the resource should be analysed across three dimensions:

1.   “Themes” - the key themes of the resource (to be selected from the list)

2.   “Constructs” - each theme selected should be broken down into a number of ‘constructs’

3.   “Code/Descriptor/ Examples” – codes and examples or descriptors of how each construct is treated (described) in the resource being analysed should be entered here. This could include direct quotations from the text/material to help illustrate how the material the study research questions and objectives.

How to develop the constructs and codes for each resource?

The following steps are recommended:

i.     Read the resource looking for examples of the above themes and any additional themes.

ii.    Make a note of the substantive points and issues that crop up as the reading progresses in relation to these themes, and the ‘emergent constructs’ that can be identified that define these substantive points and issues.

iii.   Return to the notes made of the reading, and the list of constructs identified. Cluster together those that are similar to make a ‘master list’ of key constructs.

iv.  List the key constructs in Column 2 of the template for each theme specified.

v.   Re-read the resource and analyse it more systematically to find examples of the ‘master list’ of constructs. Record in Column 3 of the template descriptors of examples of each construct that can be identified in the text.


Observatory Coding Frame
CLIL Inventory Coding Frame


3. Summary

The summary should clearly and concisely present the resource based on the results of the content analysis template.

Observatory Summary
CLIL Inventory Summary


You can find examples of compiled benchmarking templates in the Observatory resources benchmarking files and in the CLIL Inventory resources benchmarking files.




Submission of resources to the INCLUDE Observatory and CLIL Inventory is restricted to the Network Members.

Become a Member!



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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Project no: 530938-LLP-2012-IT-KA2-KA2NW Grant Agreement no: 2012-4255